Honey contains 77% -78% sugar (mainly fructose and glucose) and because of the relatively low humidity does not favor the growth of microorganisms.
Honey is the most valuable human food. Provides energy to muscles, clarity in mind, disinfects and regulates the digestive system. Regular use gives vitality to the body and helps to prolong life.
Honey has a tendency to crystallize. At first crystals formed on the bottom and walls of the jar and makes it difficult to handle. The crystallized honey does not loses its properties.
The main reason for crystallization of honey is the ratio glucose/water. Usually the flower-honey crystallizes in a few weeks, the pine-honey in a few months and acacia-honey takes years to crystallization.
A method to prevent crystallization of the honey is mixing different types of honey. Quickly crystallize species with slow crystallization.
The only Greek honey with a protected designation of origin is the fir honey. It has amber color and it never crystallize bacause the sugar that it contains is lower than any other types of honey.
Types of honey
The composition, quality, including the type of honey vary from plant to plant, region to region and even from year to year, because affected by climatic conditions and flora. The dark honeys are more tonic properties (antioxidants data).
The honey from Acacia is too light and thin but has a special smell and refreshing taste.
It is rich in minerals. Contains vitamins in very small quantities, but even this dose helps in better assimilation of sugars by the body.
Heather Honey (Ereikomelo)
This is a very nutritious honey, which is very stimulating for the human body and it is mainly sold in health food stores.
The sunflower grown in large areas in our country, especially in northern Greece, and gives a rich honey production. This honey is a good source of polyphenols.
Thyme Honey (Thymarisio)
Considered of excellent quality honey because of splendid color, taste, stimulants and antiseptic properties. Also acts in a preventive cardiovascular disorders and has beneficial effects in disorders of the urinary and digestive system.
Produced from the nectar and honey secretions of chestnut, which offers exceptional quality. Apart from trace elements, is that it can act as an astringent in cases of dysentery.
Pine Honey (Pefkomelo)
The honey of pine is a high nutritional value and this is mainly due to the large number of different substances present in the composition. Since these substances exist as metals and minerals (calcium, magnesium, zinc, iron, copper, etc.) that are in high concentrations in Greek Pine.
Honey works against fatigue
- Cures or relieves internal disorders (ulcers of the stomach, insomnia, sore throat, some heart disease), increases muscle strength, etc.
- For outdoor use heal burns, wounds, nose and pharynx disease.
Honey Mixture for stomach
It is a very good ‘natural’ remedy for intestinal parasites and the aches and stomach problems.
- 5 teaspoons propolis
- 5 teaspoons honey
- (If you suffer from colitis, add 5 teaspoons fresh pollen)
Mix the ingredients and add the mixture in a glass jar.
Mix 1 teaspoon with a glass of water and consume this amount (1 glass) every day.
You can keep the mixture in the refrigerator for 10 days and recommended use is for 10 days.
Honey Mixture for pharyngitis and sore throat
- 50ml water
- 25ml honey (thyme)
- 20drops of essential oil of sage
- 25ml propolis tincture
Stir in the water the remaining ingredients and with a spoonful of the mixture do gargle 2-3 times a day.
Honey Mixture for vaginitis
- 1lt water
- 1 tablespoon honey
- 1 teaspoon propolis tincture
- 4-5 drops of essential oil tea tree
Mix all ingredients together and then do vaginal washes (according to specific, combats fungi and bacteria because tea tree oil is antiseptic).
Honey Mixture for burns
- 1 tablespoon honey
- 2 tablespoons propolis
- very little lavender essential oil
Mix all ingredients together well and put it over the burn or eczema.
You can keep the mixture in the refrigerator for a long time.